The Ivorian education system has faced several challenges, including two civil wars, gender and ethnic discrimination, curriculum not sufficiently adapted to post-conflict reconstruction, among other challenges. These constraints, mainly related to violence and the politicization of the school space, have had a considerable impact on the country’s peacebuilding and cohesion. Consequently, Ivorian and international institutions have turned their attention to the concept of peace education to regulate and improve a damaged education system. To understand the importance of peace education in Côte d’Ivoire, this article first defines the terms of conflict, education, and peace, delves into the principles of peace education, and finally applies the theoretical framework to the case study of Côte d’Ivoire.
Peacekeeping missions have represented the role of the United Nations in global conflict. After decades of peacekeeping operations, the United Nations have been able to gather data regarding their successes and failures. This paper focuses on the success of the peacekeeping operations while reviewing two factors; possibility of peace in an ongoing conflict and peacekeepers having access to collaboration with regional powers. The successful UN peacekeeping missions include the cases of Sierra Leone and Liberia. However, it also includes the cases of peacekeeping in Rwanda and Bosnia providing examples of absence of the two factors mentioned above.
Anime, or Japanese animation, plays a huge role in Japanese media and attracts viewers all over the world. Even though the first Anime were created in the early 20th century, themes and art-style of modern Anime differ hugely from its original form due, in part, to globalization and its increased global popularity. This essay will review how Japanese media may embrace more multiculturalism and cultural education.